Neurophysiology (square)

The brain contains billions of neurons which form large interactive networks that activate selectively to control for our behavior. Learning results from changes within these networks. It is often the case that recordings from the outside of the head cannot reveal the details of such changes. In contrast, intracranial micro electrodes can be chronically implanted in deep structures of animals head, which allows research on functioning on single-cell level. 

In the behavioral neuroscience laboratory it is possible to use animal model in the research of cognitive phenomena. The main object of study here is the neural basis of learning and memory. Recent research has focused mainly on hippocampus which is a structure that plays a crucial role in memory trace formation especially in higher-order learning such as memory for locations, routes, and relations between objects. 

The behavioral neuroscience laboratory has facilities to do recordings from single-cell to larger network level and also equipment to alter brain activity by optogenetics, laser lights that selectively make certain types of neurons to either quiet down or increase their activity.